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Journal and Technical Articles Downloads

 



Selected Publications from the researchers of the Stephens Lab:

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Dr. Stephens' publications are listed at Google Scholar

 


2014:


Dore, S., D. Fry, S. Stephens. 2014. Spatial heterogeneity of soil CO2 efflux after harvest and prescribed fire in a California mixed conifer forest. Forest Ecology and Management (in press).

Fry, D.L., S.L. Stephens, B.M. Collins, M.P. North, E. Franco-Vizcaino, and S.J. Gill. 2014. Contrasting Spatial Patterns in Active-Fire and Fire-Suppressed Mediterranean Climate Old-Growth Mixed Conifer Forests. PLOS ONE 9(2): e88985. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0088985 [Download]

Kramer, H.A., Collins, B.M., Kelly, M., Stephens, S.L. 2014. Quantifying ladder fuels: A new approach using LiDAR. Forests 5(6):1432-1453. (doi: 10.3390/f5061432) [Download]

Stephens, S.L. 2014. Increasing resiliency in frequent fire forests: Lessons from the Sierra Nevada and western Australia. USDA RMRS General Technical Report-71. pp.123-132. [Download]

Stephens, S.L., N. Burrows, A. Buyantuyev, R.W. Gray, R.E. Keane, R. Kubian, S. Liu, F. Seijo, L. Shu, K.G. Tolhurst, and J.W. van Wagtendonk. 2014. Temperate and boreal forest mega-fires: characteristics and challenges. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 12(2):115-122. (doi: 10.1890/120332) [Download]


2013:


Barros, A.M.G., J.M.C. Pereira, M.A. Moritz, and S.L. Stephens. 2013. Spatial Characterization of Wildfire Orientation Patterns in California. Forests (4):197-217. (doi: 10.3390/f4010197) [Download]

Bell, Moritz, and Stephens. 2013. Short-term physiological effects of smoke on grapevine leaves. International Journal of Wildland Fire 22(7):933-946. (doi: 10.1071/WF12140) [Download]

Collins, B.M., H.A. Kramer, K. Menning, C. Dillingham, D. Saah, P.A. Stine, and S.L. Stephens. 2013. Modeling hazardous fire potential within a completed fuel treatment network in the northern Sierra Nevada. Forest Ecology and Management 310:156–166. [Download]

Fulé, P.Z., T.W. Swetnam, P.M. Brown, D.A. Falk, D.L. Peterson, C.D. Allen, G.H. Aplet, M.A. Battaglia, D. Binkley, C. Farris, R.E. Keane, E.Q. Margolis, H. Grissino-Mayer, C. Miller, C.H. Sieg, C. Skinner, S.L. Stephens, and A. Taylor. 2013. Unsupported inferences of high severity fire in historical western United States dry forests: Response to Williams and Baker. Global Ecology and Biogeography. (doi: 10.1111/geb.12136) [Download]

Fry, D.L., and S.L. Stephens. 2013. Seed viability and female cone characteristics of mature knobcone pine trees. Western Journal of Applied Forestry 28(1):46-48. (doi: 10.5849/wjaf.11-046) [Download]

Gill, A.M., S.L. Stephens, and G.J. Carry. 2013. The world-wide "wildfire" problem. Ecological Applications 23(2):438-454. (doi: 10.1890/10-2213.1) [Download]

Jakubowski, M., Q. Guo, B. Collins, S. Stephens, and M. Kelly. 2013. Predicting surface fuel models and fuel metrics using lidar and CIR imagery in a dense, mountainous forest. Photogrammetric Engineering and Remote Sensing 79(1):37-49. [Download]

Pennypacker, C.R., M.K. Jakubowski, M. Kelly, M. Lampton, C. Schmidt, S. Stephens, and R. Tripp. 2013. FUEGO—Fire Urgency Estimator in Geosynchronous Orbit—A proposed early-warning fire detection system. Remote Sensing 5(10):5173-5192. (doi: 10.3390/rs5105173) [Download]

Sneeuwjagt, R.J., T.S. Kline, and S.L. Stephens. 2013. Opportunities for improved fire use and management in California: lessons from Western Australia. Fire Ecology 9(2): 14-25. (doi: 10.4996/fireecology.0902014) [Download]

Stark, D.L., D.L. Wood, A.J. Storer, and S.L. Stephens. 2013. Prescribed fire and mechanical thinning effects on bark beetle caused tree mortality in a mid-elevation Sierran mixed-conifer forest. Forest Ecology and Management 306:61-67. (doi: 10.1016/j.foreco.2013.06.018) [Download]

Stephens, S.L., J.K. Agee, P.Z Fulé, M.P. North, W.H. Romme, T.W. Swetnam, and M.G. Turner. 2013. Managing forests and fire in changing climates. Science 342:41-42. (doi: 10.1126/science.1240294) [Download]

 

2012:


Chiono, L.A., K.L. O’Hara, M.J. De Lasaux, G.A. Nader, and S.L. Stephens. 2012. Development of vegetation and surface fuels following fire hazard reduction treatment. Forests 2012 3:700-722. (doi:10.3390/f3030700) [Download]

Collins, B.M., and S.L. Stephens. 2012. Fire and Fuels Reduction. In: North, M. (ed). Managing Sierra Nevada Forests. USDA Forest Service, PSW General Technical Report. PSW-GTR-237. Pp. 1-12. [Download]

Fry, D.L., J. Dawson, and S.L. Stephens. 2012. Age and structure of mature knobcone pine forests in the northern California Coast Range, USA. Fire Ecology 8(1): 49-62. doi: 10.4996/fireecology.0801049. [Download]

Gibbons, P., L. van Bomme, A.M. Gill, G.J. Cary, D.A. Driscoll, R.A. Bradstock, E. Knight, M.A. Moritz, S.L. Stephens, and D.B. Lindenmayer. 2012. Land management practices associated with house loss in wildfires. PLoS ONE 7(1):e29212. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0029212. [Download]

Krasnow, K.D., A.S. Halford, and S.L. Stephens. Aspen restoration in the eastern Sierra Nevada: effectiveness of prescribed fire and conifer removal. Fire Ecology 8(3):104-118. doi: 10.4996/fireecology.0803104.[Download]

McIver, J., S. Stephens, J. Agee, J. Barbour, R. Boerner, C. Edminster, K. Erickson, K. Farris, C. Fettig, C. Fiedler, S. Haase, S. Hart, J. Keeley, E. Knapp, J. Lehmkuhl, J. Moghaddas, W. Otrosina, K. Outcalt, D. Schwilk, C. Skinner, T. Waldrop, P. Weatherspoon, D. Yaussy, A. Youngblood, and S. Zack. Ecological effects of alternative fuel reduction treatments: highlights of the U.S. Fire and Fire Surrogate study (FFS). International Journal of Wildland Fire. 2012. [Download]

Miller, J.D., B.M. Collins, J.A. Lutz, S.L. Stephens, J.W. van Wagtendonk, and D.A. Yasuda. 2012. Differences in wildfires among ecoregions and land management agencies in the Sierra Nevada region, California, USA. Ecosphere 3(9): art80. [Download]

North, M.P., B.M. Collins, and S.L. Stephens. 2012. Using fire to increase the scale, benefits and future maintenance of fuels treatments. Journal of Forestry 110(7):392-401. [Download].

Stephens, S.L., R.E.J. Boerner, J.J. Moghaddas, E.E.Y. Moghaddas, B.M. Collins, C.B. Dow, C. Edminster, C.E. Fiedler, D.L. Fry, B. R. Hartsough, J.E. Keeley, E.E. Knapp, J.D. McIver, C.N. Skinner, and A. Youngblood. 2012. Fuel treatment impacts on estimated wildfire carbon loss from forests in Montana, Oregon, California, and Arizona. Ecosphere 3(5):38. http://dx.doi.org/10.1890/ES11-00289.1. [Download]

Stephens, S.L., B.M. Collins, and G. Roller. 2012. Fuel treatment longevity in a Sierra Nevada mixed conifer forest. Forest Ecology and Management 285:204-212.  [Download]

Stephens, S.L., J.D. McIver, R.E.J. Boerner, C.J. Fettig, J.B. Fontaine, B.R. Hartsough, P. Kennedy, and D.W. Schwilk. 2012. Effects of forest fuel reduction treatments in the United States. BioScience 62:549-560. [Download]

Stephens, S.L., R.E.J. Boerner, J.J. Moghaddas, E.E.Y. Moghaddas, B.M. Collins, C.B. Dow, C. Edminster, C.E. Fiedler, D.L. Fry, B. R. Hartsough, J.E. Keeley, E.E. Knapp, J.D. McIver, C.N. Skinner, and A. Youngblood. 2012. Fuel treatment impacts on estimated wildfire carbon loss from forests in Montana, Oregon, California, and Arizona. Ecosphere 3(5):38. http://dx.doi.org/10.1890/ES11-00289.1. [Download]

 


2011:


Collins, B.M., R.G. Everett, and S.L. Stephens. 2011. Impacts of fire exclusion and recent managed fire on forest structure in old growth Sierra Nevada mixed-conifer forests. Ecosphere 2(4):art51. [Download]

Collins, B.M., S.L. Stephens, G.B. Roller, and J.J. Battles. 2011. Simulating fire and forest dynamics for a landscape fuel treatment project in the Sierra Nevada. Forest Science 57:77-88.  [Download]

Evans, A.M., R.G. Everett, S.L. Stephens, and J.A. Youtz. 2011. Comprehensive fuels treatment practices guide for mixed conifer forests: California, Central and Southern Rockies, and the Southwest. US Forest Service Forest Guild.  [Download]

Perry, D.A., P.F. Hessburg, C.N. Skinner, T.A. Spies, S.L. Stephens, A.H. Taylor, J.F. Franklin, B. McComb, G. Riegel. 2011. The ecology of mixed severity fire regimes in Washington, Oregon, and Northern California. Forest Ecology and Management 262:703-717. [Download]

Spies, T. A., D.B. Lindenmayer, A.M. Gill, S.L. Stephens, and J.K. Agee. 2011. Challenges and a checklist for biodiversity conservation in fire-prone forests: Perspectives from the Pacific Northwest of USA and Southeastern Australia. Biological Conservation 145:5-14. [Download].

Forrestel, A.B., M.A. Moritz, and S.L. Stephens. 2011. Landscape-scale vegetation change following fire in Point Reyes, California, USA. Fire Ecology 7(2):114-128. [Download]

 


2010:



Collins, B.M., and S.L. Stephens. 2010. Stand-replacing patches within a mixed severity fire regime: quantitative characterization using recent
fires in a long-established natural fire area. Landscape Ecology 25:927939. [Download]


Collins, B.M., S.L. Stephens, J.M. Moghaddas, and J. Battles. 2010. Challenges and approaches in planning fuel treatments across fire-excluded forested
landscapes. Journal of Forestry 108: 24-31.   [Download]


Fry, D.L., and S.L. Stephens. 2010. Stand-level spatial dependence in an old-growth Jeffrey pine - mixed conifer forest, Sierra San Pedro Martir,
Mexico. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 40:1830-1814. [Download]

McGinnis, T.W., J.E. Keeley, S.L. Stephens, and G.B. Roller. 2010. Fuel buildup and potential fire behavior after stand-replacing fires, logging fire-killed
trees and herbicide shrub removal in Sierra Nevada forests. Forest Ecology and Management  260:22-35. [Download]


Moghaddas, J.J., B.M. Collins, K. Menning, E.E.Y. Moghaddas, and S.L. Stephens. 2010. Fuel treatment effects on modeled landscape-level fire
behavior in the northern Sierra Nevada. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 40:1751-1765. [Download]
Mutch, R.W. M.J. Rogers, S.L. Stephens, and A.M. Gill. 2010. Protecting lives and property in the wildland urban interface: Communities in Montana 
and Southern California adopt Australian paradigm. Fire Technology DOI: 10.1007/s10694-010-0171-z. [Download]

Potts, J.B., E. Marino, and S.L. Stephens. 2010. Chaparral shrub recovery after fuel reduction: A comparison of prescribed fire and mastication techniques.
Plant Ecology  [Download]

Stephens, S.L., D.L. Fry, B.M. Collins, C.N. Skinner, E. Franco-Vizcaino, and T. J. Freed. 2010. Fire-scar formation in Jeffrey pine-mixed conifer
forests in the Sierra San Pedro Mrtir, Mexico. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 40:1497-1505. [Download]

Stephens. S.L., C.I. Millar, and B.M. Collins. 2010. Operational approaches to managing forests of the future in Mediterranean regions within a context
of changing climates. Environmental Research Letters 5: 024003. [Download]

Trouet, V., A.H. Taylor, E.R. Wahl, C.N. Skinner, and S.L. Stephens. 2010. Fire-climate interactions in the American West since 1400 CE. Geophysical Research Letters 37: doi:10.1029/2009GL041695   [Download]

Weise, D.R., S.L. Stephens, F.M. Fujioka, T.J. Moody, and J. Benoit. 2010.  Estimation of fire danger in Hawaii using limited weather data and simulation.  Pacific Science 64: 99-220.   [Download]

York, R. A., D. Fuchs, J.J. Battles, and S.L. Stephens. 2010. Radial growth responses to gap creation in large, old Sequoiadendron giganteum. Applied Vegetation Science 13:498-509.  [Download]

  


2009:


Skinner, C.N., C.S. Abbott, D.L. Fry, S.L. Stephens, A.H. Taylor, and V. Trouet. 2009. Human and climatic influences on fire occurrence in California's North Coast Range, USA. Fire Ecology. [Download]

Vaillant, N.M. and S. L. Stephens. 2009. Fire history of a lower elevation Jeffrey pine-mixed conifer forest. Fire Ecology .   [Download]

North, M., K. Van de Water, S.L. Stephens, and B. Collins. 2009. Climate, rain shadow, and human-use influences on Eastern Sierra Nevada fire regimes. Fire Ecology .  [Download]

Gill, A.M., and S.L. Stephens. 2009. Scientific and social challenges for the management of fire-prone wildland-urban interfaces. Environmental Research Letters 4 034014 [Download]

Padgett, K.A., S.L. Stephens, and B. Lane. 2009. Effect of prescribed fire for tick control in California chaparral. Journal of Medical Entomology.  J. Med. Entomol. 46(5): 1138Đ1145. [Download]

Stephens,  S.L., J. Moghaddas, B. Hartsough, E. Moghaddas, and N. E. Clinton. 2009. Fuel treatment effects on stand level carbon pools, treatment related emissions, and fire risk in a Sierran mixed conifer forest. Canadian Journal of Forest Research  39: 1538-1547. [Download]

Vaillant, N. M., J. Fire-Kaufman, and S. L. Stephens .  2009.  Effectiveness of prescribed fire as a fuel treatment in Californian coniferous forests.  International Journal of Wildland Fire, 18:165-175.  [Download]

North, M. P. Stine, K. O'Hara, W. Zielinski, and S. Stephens.  2009.  An Ecosystems Management Strategy for Sierra Mixed-Conifer Forests.  US Dept. Agriculture Forest Service Pacific Southwest Research Station.  General Technical Report PSW-GTR-220 w/ addendum.  52 pages.  [Download]

Potts, J. B., S. L. Stephens.  2009.  Invasive and native plant responses to shrubland fuel reduction: comparing prescribed fire, mastication, and treatment season.  Biological Conservation 142: 1657-1654 [Download]

Stephens, S.L., J.J. Moghaddas, C. Ediminster, C.E. Fiedler, S. Hasse, M.Harrington, J.E. Keeley, J.D. McIver, K. Metlen, C.N. Skinner, and A.Youngblood. 2009. Fire treatment effects on vegetation structure, fuels, and potential fire severity in western U.S. forests.   Ecological Applications 19: 305-320. [Download]

McIver, J., A. Youngblood, and S.L. Stephens. 2009. The national Fire and Fire Surrogate study: ecological consequences of fuel reduction methods in seasonally dry forests.  Ecological Applications 19: 283-284. [Download]

Krasnow, K., T. Schoennagel, T.T. Veblen.  2009.   Forest fuel mapping and evaluation of LANDFIRE fuel maps in Boulder County, Colorado, USA.  Forest Ecology and Management 257, 1603-1612. [Download]

Schwilk, D.W., J.E. Keeley, E.E. Knapp, J. McIver, J.D. Bailey, C.J.Fettig, C.E. Fiedler, R.J. Harrod, J.J. Moghaddas, K.W. Outcalt, C.N.Skinner, S.L. Stephens, T.A. Waldrop, D.A. Yaussy, and A. Youngblood.  2009. The national Fire and Fire Surrogate study: effects of fuel reduction methods on forest vegetation structure and fuels. Ecological Applications 19: 285-304. [Download]

Stephens S. L.,  M. Adams, J. Hadmer. F. Kearns, B. Leicester, J. Leonard, M. Moritz.  2009.  Urban-wildland fires: how California and other regions of the US can learn from Australia Environmental Research Letters 4  014010  [Download]

Kobziar, L.N., S.L. Stephens, and J.R. McBride. 2009. The efficacy of fuels reduction treatments in a Sierra Nevada pine plantation.  International Journal of Wildland Fire  18, 791–801.  [Download]

Collins BM, Miller JD, Thode AE, Kelly M, van Wagtendonk JW, Stephens SL.  2009. Interactions among wildland fires in a long-established Sierra Nevada natural fire area. Ecosystems DOI: 10.1007/s10021-008-9211-7 [Download]

 

2008:


Fry D. 2008. Prescribed fire effects on deciduous oak woodland stand structure, northern Diablo Range, California. Rangeland Ecology and Management. 61(3): 294-301. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2111/07-113.1  [Download]

Evett, R.R., C.R. Mohrle, B.L. Hall, T.J. Brown, and S.L. Stephens. 2008.  The effect of monsoonal atmospheric moisture on lightning fire ignitions in southwestern North America. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology 148:1478-1487. [Download]

Stephens, S.L., Weise, D.R., Fry, D.L., Keiffer, R.J., Dawson, J., Koo, E., Potts, J., and Pagni, P. 2008. Measuring the rate of spread of chaparral prescribed fires in northern California. Fire Ecology 4: 74-86. [Download]

Stephens S.L, Fry D, Franco-Vizcano E. 2008. Wildfire and forests in Northwestern Mexico: the United States wishes it had similar fire 'problems'. Ecology and Society. 13(2): 10 [Download]

Everett, R.G.  2008.  Dendrochronology-based Fire History of Mixed Conifer Forests in the San Jacinto Mountains, California.  Forest Ecology and Management.  256 (2008) 1805-1814. [Download]

Amacher, A.J., R.H. Barrett, J.J. Moghaddas, and S.L. Stephens. 2008.  Preliminary effects of fire and mechanical fuel treatments on the  abundance of small mammals in the mixed-conifer forest of the Sierra Nevada.  Forest Ecology and Management 255: 3193-3202 [Download]

Moghaddas, E.E.Y., and S.L. Stephens. 2008. Mechanized fuel treatment effects on soil compaction in Sierra Nevada mixed-conifer stands.  Forest Ecology and Management 255: 3098-3106. [Download]

Moghaddas, J.J., R.A. York, and S.L. Stephens. 2008. Initial response of conifer and California black oak seedlings following fuel reduction activities in a Sierra Nevada mixed conifer forest. Forest Ecology and Management 255: 3141-3150. [Download]

Skinner, C.N., J.H. Burk, M. Barbour, E. Franco-Vizcaino, and S.L. Stephens. 2008. Long-term influences of climate on fire regimes in montane forests of northwestern Mexico. Journal of Biogeography 35(8):1436-1451. [Download]

Hartsough, B.R., S. Abrams, R.J. Barbour, E.S. Drews, J.D. McIver, J.J. Moghaddas, D.W. Schwilk, and S.L. Stephens. 2008. The economics of alternative fuel reduction treatments in western United States dry forests: financial and policy implications from the National Fire and Fire Surrogate Study. Forest Economics and Policy.  10:344-354  [Download]

McCaffery, S., J.J. Moghaddas, and S.L. Stephens. 2008. Survey results from fire and fire surrogate fuel treatments in a Sierran mixed conifer forest, California, USA. International Journal of Wildland Fire. 17: 224-233 [Download]

Collins, B.M., and S.L. Stephens. 2008. Tree scarring patterns in Sierra Nevada wilderness areas burned by multiple wildland fire use fires. Fire Ecology 3(2): 53-67. [Download]

Moritz, M.A., and S.L. Stephens. 2008. Fire and sustainability: considerations for California’s altered future climate. Climatic Change 87 (Suppl 1):S265–S271. [Download]

Fried, J.S., Gilles, J.K., Riley, W.J., Moody, T.J., de Blas, C.S., K. Hayhoe, M. Moritz, S.L. Stephens, and M. Torn. 2008. Predicting the effect of climate change on wildfire behavior and initial attack success Climatic Change 87 (Suppl 1):S251–S264. [Download]

 

2007:


Collins, B.M. and S.L. Stephens.  2007.  Managing Natural Fires in Sierra Nevada Wilderness Areas.  Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 5(10): 523-52 [Download]

Millar, C.I., N.L. Stephenson, and S.L. Stephens.  2007.  Climate change and forests of the future: managing in the face of uncertainty.  Ecological Applications 17(8): 2145-2151.  [Download]

Stephens, S.L., R.E. Martin, and N.E. Clinton.  2007.  Prehistoric fire area and emissions from California's forests, woodlands, shrublands and grasslands.  Forest Ecology and Management 251:205-216.  [Download]

Kaufmann, M. R., D. Binkley, P. Z. Fulé, M. Johnson, S. L. Stephens, and T. W. Swetnam.  2007. Defining old growth for fire-adapted forests of the western United States. Ecology and Society 12(2): 15. [Download]

Youngblood, A., H. Bigler-Cole, C.J. Fettig, C. Fiedler, E. E. Knapp, J.L. Lehmkuhl,  K.W. Outcalt, C.N. Skinner, S.L. Stephens, and T.H. Waldrop.  2007. Making Fire and Fire Surrogate Science Available: A Summary of Regional Workshops With Clients.  Department of Agriculture Forest Service Pacific Northwest Research Station General Technical Report PNW-GTR-727.  [Download]

Moghaddas, E. and S. L. Stephens.  2007.  Thinning, burning, and thin-burn fuel treatment effects on soil properties in a Sierra Nevada mixed-conifer forest.  Forest Ecology and Management.  250:156-166.  [Download]

Collins, B.M., N. K. Kelly,, J.W. van Wagtendonk, and S.L. Stephens. 2007. Spatial patterns of large natural fires in Sierra Nevada wilderness areas. Landscape Ecology 22:545-557. [Download].

Stephens, S.L., and Collins, B.M. 2007. Fire policy in the urban-wildland interface in the United States: What are the issues and possible solutions? In: Living on the edge: economics, institutional and management perspectives on wildfire hazards in the urban interface. Advances in the Economics of Environmental Resources, Vol. 6. Elsevier Ltd. [Download].

Evett, R., Franco-Vizcaino, E., and Stephens, S.L. 2007. Comparing modern and past fire regimes to assess changes in prehistoric lightning and anthropogenic ignitions in a Jeffrey pine-mixed conifer forest in the Sierra San Pedro Martir, Mexico. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 37: 318-330. [Download].  

Menning, K.M., and Stephens, S.L.  2007. Fire climbing in the forest: a semi-qualitative, semi-quantitative approach to assessing ladder fuel hazards. Western Journal of Applied Forestry 22(2): 88-93. [Download].

Evett, R., Franco-Vizcaino, E., and Stephens, S.L. 2007.  Phytolith evidence for the absence of a prehistoric grass understory in a Jeffrey pine-mixed conifer forest in the Sierra San Pedro Martir, Mexico. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 37:306-317. [Download].  

Schmidt, L., Hille, M.G., and Stephens, S.L., 2007. Restoring northern Sierra Nevada mixed conifer forest composition and structure with prescribed fire. Fire Ecology 2(2):204-217. [Download].

Stephens, S.L., Fry, D. L., Franco-Vizcaino, E., Collins, B.M., and Moghaddas, J.J. 2007. Coarse woody debris and canopy cover in an old-growth Jeffrey pine-mixed conifer forest from the Sierra San Pedro Martir, Mexico. Forest Ecology and Management 240: 87-95. [Download]

Collins, B. M., Moghaddas, J. J., and Stephens, S. L. 2007. Initial changes in forest structure and understory plant community following fuel reduction activities in a Sierra Nevada mixed conifer forest. Forest Ecology and Management 239: 102-111. [Download]

Kobziar, L., Moghaddas, J. J., and Stephens, S. L. 2007. Tree mortality patterns following prescribed fires in a mixed conifer forest. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 36:3222-3228. [Download].

 

2006:


Apigian, K., D. Dahlsten, and S.L. Stephens. 2006. Biodiversity of Coleoptera and the importance of habitat structural features in a Sierra Nevada mixed-conifer forest. Environmental Entomology 35: 964-975.[Download]

Kobziar, L., and Stephens, S. L. 2006. The effects of fuels treatments on soil carbon respiration in a Sierra Nevada pine plantation. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology 141: 161-178. [Download]

Moody, T.J., Fites-Kaufman, J., and Stephens, S.L. 2006. Fire history and climate influences from forests in the northern Sierra Nevada, USA. Fire Ecology 2: 115-141.[Download]

Stephens, S.L., Sugihara, N.G., 2006. Fire management and policy since European settlement. Sugihara, NG, van Wagtendonk, J, Shaffer, KE , Fites-Kaufman, J, , Thode, AE, editors. Fire in California’s ecosystems. California: University of California Press. Berkeley. Pp. 431-443. [Download]

Husari, S., Nichols, T., Sugihara, N.G. Stephens, S.L., 2006. Fuel management. Sugihara, NG, van Wagtendonk, J, Shaffer, KE , Fites-Kaufman, J, , Thode, AE, editors. Fire in California’s ecosystems. California: University of California Press. Berkeley. Pp. 444-465.[Download]

Stuart, J., Stephens, S.L., 2006. North coast California bioregion. Sugihara, NG, van Wagtendonk, J, Shaffer, KE , Fites-Kaufman, J, , Thode, AE, editors. Fire in California’s ecosystems. California: University of California Press. Berkeley. Pp. 147-169. [Download]

Stephens, S.L., and W.J. Libby. 2006. Anthropogenic fire and bark thickness in coastal and island pine populations from Alta and Baja California. Journal of Biogeography 33: 648-652. (See Erratum on next line for a corrected Figure 1)  [Download]

Stephens, S.L., and W.J. Libby. 2006. ERRATUM FOR: Anthropogenic fire and bark thickness in coastal and island pine populations from Alta and Baja California. Journal of Biogeography 33: 760. [Erratum Download]

Fry, D.L., and S.L. Stephens. 2006. Influence of humans and climate on the fire history of a Ponderosa pine-mixed conifer forest in the southeastern Klamath Mountains, California. Forest Ecology and Management . 223: 428-438. [Download]

Apigian, K., D. Dahlsten, and S.L. Stephens. 2006. Fire and fire surrogate treatment effects on leaf litter arthropods in a western Sierra Nevada mixed-conifer forest. Forest Ecology and Management 221:110-122.  [Download]

 

2005:


Stephens, S.L., and P.Z. Fule. 2005. Western pine forests with continuing frequent fire regimes: Possible reference sites for management. Journal of Forestry 103(7): 357-362. [Download]
 
Stephens, S.L., and D. R. Fry. 2005. Spatial distribution of regeneration patches in an old-growth Pinus jeffreyi-mixed conifer forest in northwestern Mexico. Journal of Vegetation Science 16:693-702.  [Download]  

Beche, L.A., S.L. Stephens, and V.H. Resh. 2005. Prescribed fire effects on a riparian and stream community in the Sierra Nevada: Dark Canyon Creek, California, USA. Forest Ecology and Management 218:37-59 [Download].

Stephens, S.L. and J.J. Moghaddas. 2005. Silvicultural and reserve impacts on potential fire behavior and forest conservation: 25 years of experience from Sierra Nevada mixed conifer forests. Biological Conservation  25:369-379.  [Download]

Stephens, S.L. and J.J. Moghaddas. 2005. Fuel treatment effects on snags and coarse woody debris in a Sierra Nevada mixed conifer forest. Forest Ecology and Management 214:53-64.  [Download]

Stephens, S.L. and J.J. Moghaddas. 2005. Experimental fuel treatment impacts on forest structure, potential fire behavior, and predicted tree mortality in a mixed conifer forest. Forest Ecology and Management 215:21-36.  [Download]

Hille, M.G., and S.L. Stephens. 2005. Mixed conifer forest duff consumption during prescribed fires: tree crown impacts. Forest Science 51(5): 417-424.  [Download]

Stephens, S.L. 2005. Forest fire causes and extent on United States Forest Service Lands. International Journal of Wildland Fire 14(213-222. [Download]

Youngblood, A., K.L. Metlen, E. Knapp, K.W. Outcalt, S.L. Stephens, T.A. Waldrop, and D. Yaussy. 2005. Implementation of the Fire and Fire Surrogate Study ­A national research effort to evaluate the consequences of fuel reduction treatments.  In: Peterson, C.E., and Maguire, D.A. (eds). Balancing ecosystem values: innovative experiments for sustainable forestry. USFS Gen. Tech. Rep. PNW-GTR-635. Portland, OR. Pp. 315-323. [Download]

Purcell, K., and S.L. Stephens. 2005. Changing fire regimes and the avifauna of California oak woodlands. Studies in Avian Biology. 30:33-45   [Download]

Purcell, K., and S.L. Stephens. 2005. Natural and anthropogenic fire regimes, vegetation effects, and potential impacts on the avifauna of California’s oak woodlands. USFS General Technical Report PSW-191 [Download]

Stephens, S.L., & D.L. Fry. 2005. Fire history in coast redwood stands in the Northeastern Santa Cruz Mountains, California. Fire Ecology 1(1):2-19.  [Download].

Stephens, S.L. and Gill, S.J.  2005.  Forest structure and mortality in an old-growth Jeffrey pine-mixed conifer forest in northwestern Mexico. Forest Ecology and Management.. 205:15-28.   [Download]

Stephens, S.L. and Ruth, L.W. 2005. Federal forest fire policy in the United States. Ecological Applications, 15(2):532-542  [Download]

 

2004:


Knapp, E.E., S.L. Stephens, J.D. McIver, J.J. Moghaddas, and J.E. Keeley. 2004. The Fire and Fire Surrogate Study in the Sierra Nevada: Evaluating restoration treatments at Blodgett Experimental Forest and Sequoia National Park. In: Murphy, D.D., and Stine, P.A. (eds.), Proceedings of the Sierra Nevada Science Symposium, Tahoe City, CA. USFS PSW General Technical Report PSW-GTR-193. pp. 79-85. [Download]

Skinner, C.N., and S.L. Stephens. 2004. Fire in the Sierra Nevada. Proceedings of the Sierra Nevada Science Symposium, Tahoe City, CA. USFS PSW General Technical Report. PSW-GTR-193. pp. 65-68. [Download]

Stephens, S.L., Piirto, D.D., and D.F. Caramagno, 2004. Fire regimes and resultant forest structure in the native Ano Nuevo Monterey pine (Pinus radiata) forest, California. American Midlland Naturalist 152: 25-36. [Download]

Stephens, S.L., Finney, M.A., and Schantz, H. 2004. Bulk density and fuel loads of ponderosa pine and white fir forest floors: impacts of leaf morphology. Northwest Science 78: 93-100. [Download]

Stephens, S.L. 2004. Fuel loads, snag density, and snag recruitment in an unmanaged Jeffrey pine-mixed conifer forest in northwestern Mexico. Forest Ecology and Management 199: 103-113. [Download]

Stephens, S.L. and Collins, B.M. 2004. Fire regimes of mixed conifer forests in the north-central Sierra Nevada at multiple spatial scales. Northwest Science 78: 12-23. [Download]

Stephens, S.L., Meixner, T., Poth, M., McGurk, B, Payne, D. 2004. Prescribed fire, soils, and stream water chemistry in a watershed in the Lake Tahoe Basin. International Journal of Wildland Fire 13: 27-35. [Download]

 

2000 - 2003:


Stephens, S.L., Skinner, C.N., Gill, S.J., 2003. Dendrochronology-based fire history of Jeffrey pine-mixed conifer forests in the Sierra San Pedro Martir, Mexico. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 33:1090-1101. [Download]

Stephens, S.L., and M.A. Finney, 2002. Prescribed Fire Mortality of Sierra Nevada Mixed Conifer Tree Species: Effects of Crown Damage and Forest Floor Combustion. Forest Ecology and Management 162: 261-271. [Download]

Stephens, S.L. 2001, Fire History of Adjacent Jeffrey pine and Upper Montane Forests in the Eastern Sierra Nevada. International Journal of Wildland Fire 10:161-176. [Download]

Stephens, S.L. 2000. Mixed Conifer and Upper Montane Forest Structure and Uses in 1899 from the Central and Northern Sierra Nevada, CA. Madrono, vol. 47, no. 1, pp. 43-52.  [Download]

 

1993 - 1999:


Stephens, S.L, D. Dulitz, and R.E. Martin, 1999.  Giant Sequoia Regeneration in Group Selection Openings in the Southern Sierra Nevada. Forest Ecology and Management vol. 120, no. 1-3,  pp. 89-95.  [Download]

Stephens, S.L., and D.L. Elliott-Fisk. 1998. Sequoiadendron giganteum-Mixed Conifer Forest Structure in 1900-1901 from the Southern Sierra Nevada, CA.  Madrono,  45:221-230. [Download]

Stephens, S.L. 1998.  Evaluation of the effects of silvicultural and fuels treatments on potential fire behaviour in Sierra Nevada mixed-conifer forests.  Forest Ecology and Management 105, no. 1-3,  pp.21-34. [Download]

Stephens, S.L. 1997. Fire History of a Mixed Oak-Pine Forest in the Foothills of the Sierra  Nevada, El Dorado County, California.  Symposium on Oak Woodlands: Ecology,  Management, and Urban Interface Issues. USDA Forest Service General Technical  Report-PSW GTR-160, pp 191-198. [Download] [Download link to Entire General Technical Report GTR-160 ]

Elliott-Fisk, D.L, S.L. Stephens, J.A. Aubert, D. Murphy, J. Schaber. 1997. Mediated Settlement Agreement for Sequoia National Forest- Giant Sequoia Groves, an  Evaluation. Sierra Nevada Ecosystem Project.  Addendum (Davis: University of California, Centers for Water and Wildland Resources). pp. 277-328. [Download]

Elliott-Fisk, D.L, T.C. Cahill, O.K. Davis, L. Duan, C.R. Goldman, G.E. Gruell, R. Harris, R. Kattelmann, R. Lacey, D. Leisz, S. Lindstrom, D. Machida, R.A. Rowntree, P. Rucks, D.A. Sharkey, S.L. Stephens, and D.S Ziegler. 1997. Lake Tahoe case study. Sierra Nevada Ecosystem Project.  Addendum (Davis: University of California, Centers for Water and Wildland Resources). pp. 217-276. [Download]

Stephens, S.L., Molina D. M., Carter, R., Martin, R. E.. 1995.  Comparison of fuel load, structural characteristics, and infrastructure before and after the Oakland Hills Tunnel fire. Biswell Symposium, USDA PSW General Technical Report-158 . pp.189-191  [Download]

Stephens, S.L., D. Gordon, and R.E. Martin. 1993. Combustion characteristics of domestic vegetation found in the urban/wildland interface of California.  Proceeding of the 12th International Conference on Fire and Forest Meteorology, Society of American Foresters, Jekyl Island, Georgia. pp. 565-571. [Download]


Appendices & Databases:

    FOR: Apigian, K., D. Dahlsten, and S.L. Stephens. 2005. Fire and fire surrogate treatment effects on leaf litter arthropods in a western Sierra Nevada mixed-conifer forest:

        Appendix 1: Coleoptera collected over the course of fire and fire surrogate study on effects on leaf litter arthropods  [Download]

        Appendix 1: Species Collected & Total Abundance during fire and fire surrogate study on effects on leaf litter arthropods  .  [Download]

        Appendix 2: Ant Genera and Species collected over the fire and fire surrogate study on effects on leaf litter arthropods[Download]

Last modified: 10 December 2008


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