Caruso, C.M., Martin, R.A., Sletvold, N., Morrissey, M.M., Wade, M.J., Augustine, K.E., Carlson, S.M., MacColl, A.D.C., Siepielski, A.M., Kingsolver, J.G. 2017. What are the environmental determinants of phenotypic selection? A meta-analysis of experimental studies. American Naturalist 190(3): 363-376.

Nussle, S., Matthews, K.R., and Carlson, S.M. 2017. Patterns and dynamics of vegetation recovery following grazing cessation in the California golden trout habitat. Ecosphere 8(7): e01880.

Bogan, M.T., Hwan, J.L., Cervantes-Yoshida, K., Ponce, J., and Carlson, S.M. 2017. Aquatic invertebrate communities exhibit both resistance and resilience to seasonal drying in an intermittent coastal stream. Hydrobiologia 799: 123-133.

Bonada, N., Carlson, S.M., Datry, T., Finn, D., Leigh, C., Lytle, D.A., Monaghan, M.T., and Tedesco, P.A. 2017. Genetic, evolutionary, and biogeographical processes in intermittent and ephemeral streams. In Intermittent River Ecology and Management, edited by T. Datry, A. Boulton, N. Bonada. Elsevier.

Schaaf, C.J., Kelson, S.J., Nussle, S., and Carlson, S.M. 2017. Black spot infection in juvenile steelhead trout linked to stream temperature in northern California. Environmental Biology of Fishes 100:733–744.

Satterthwaite, W.H., Carlson, S.M., and Criss, A. 2017. Ocean size and corresponding life history diversity among the four run timings of California Central Valley Chinook salmon. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 146:594–610.

Siepielski, A.M., Morrissey, M.B., Buoro, M., Carlson, S.M., Caruso, C.M., Clegg, S.M., Coulson, T., DiBattista, J., Gotanda, K.M., Francis, C.D., Hereford, J., Kingsolver, J.G., Augustine, K.E., Kruuk, L.E.B., Martin, R.A., Sheldon, B.C., Sletvold, N., Svensson, E.I., Wade, M.J., and MacColl, A.D.C. 2017. Precipitation drives global variation in natural selection. Science 355: 959-962.

Woelfle-Erskine, C., Larsen, L.G., and Carlson, S.M. 2017. Abiotic habitat thresholds for salmonid over-summer survival in intermittent streams. Ecosphere 8(2):e01645.

Hovel, R.A., Carlson, S.M., and Quinn, T.P. 2017. Climate change alters the reproductive phenology and investment of a lacustrine fish, the threespine stickleback. Global Change Biology 23: 2308–2320.

Cid, N., Bonada, N., Carlson, S.M., Grantham, T., Gasith, A., and Resh, V. 2017. High variability is a defining component of Mediterranean-climate rivers and their biota. Water 2017, 9, 52.

Fraiola, K.M.S. and Carlson, S.M. 2017. Feeding microhabitat use and selectivity of juvenile Mugil cephalus (Actinopterygii: Mugilidae) in a Hawaiian stream. Pacific Science 71(1):  45-56.


Kingsolver, J.G., Diamond, S.E., Siepielski, A.M., and Carlson, S.M. 2016. Commentary: Errors in meta-analyses of selection. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 29: 1905-1906.

Nusslé, S., Hendry, A.P., and Carlson, S.M. 2016. Spotlight: When should harvest evolution matter to population dynamics? Trends in Ecology and Evolution 31(7): 500-502.

Fraiola, K.M.S., and Carlson, S.M. 2016. Feasibility of using Passive Integrated Transponder technology for studying the ecology of juvenile striped mullet (Mugil cephalus) in streams. Pacific Science 70(3): 349-360.

Hwan, J.L., and Carlson, S.M. 2016. Fragmentation of an intermittent stream during seasonal drought: intra-annual and interannual patterns and biological consequences. River Research and Applications 32: 856-870.

Leidy, R.A., Bogan, M.T., Neuhaus, L., Rosetti, L., and Carlson, S.M. 2016. Summer die-off of western pond turtle (Actinemys marmorata) along an intermittent Coast Range stream in central California. Southwestern Naturalist 61(1): 71-74.


Satterthwaite, W.J., and Carlson, S.M. 2015. Weakening portfolio effect strength in a hatchery-supplemented Chinook salmon population complex. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 72: 1860-1875 (PDF).

Nusslé, S., Matthews, K.R., and Carlson, S.M. 2015. Mediating water temperature increases due to livestock and global change in high elevation meadow streams of the Golden Trout Wilderness. PLoS ONE 10(11): e0142426 (PDF).

Cervantes-Yoshida, K., Leidy, R.A., and Carlson, S.M. 2015. Contemporary land change alters fish communities in a San Francisco Bay drainage, California, U.S.A. PLoS ONE 10(11): e0141707 (PDF).

Carah, J., Howard, J., Thompson, S., Gianotti, A., Bauer, S., Carlson, S.M., Dralle, D., Gabriel, M.W., Hulette, L., Johnson, B., Knight, C., Kupferberg, S., Martin, S., Naylor, R., and Power, M.E. 2015. High time for conservation: Adding the environment to the debate on marijuana liberalization. BioScience 65: 822-829.

Bogan, M.T., Hwan, J.L., and Carlson, S.M. 2015. High aquatic biodiversity in an intermittent coastal headwater stream at Golden Gate National Recreation Area, California. Northwest Science 89: 188-197.

Huber, E.R. and Carlson, S.M. 2015. Temporal trends in hatchery releases of fall-run Chinook salmon in California’s Central Valley. San Francisco Estuary and Watershed Science 13(2): article 3 (PDF).

Power, M.E., Bouma-Gregson, K., Higgins, P., and Carlson, S.M. 2015. The thirsty Eel: summer and winter flow thresholds that tilt the Eel River of northwestern California from salmon-supporting to cyanobacterially-degraded states. Copeia 2015: 200-211.

Fey, S.B., Siepielski, A.M., Nusslé, S., Cervantes-Yoshida, K., Hwan, J.L., Huber, E.R., Fey, M.J., Catenazzi, A., and Carlson, S.M. 2015. Recent shifts in the occurrence, cause, and magnitude of animal mass mortality events. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA 112: 1083-1088.


Satterthwaite, W.H., Carlson, S. M., Allen-Moran, S.D., Vincenzi, S., Bograd, S.J., and Wells, B.K. 2014. Match-mismatch dynamics and the relationship between ocean-entry timing and relative ocean recoveries of Central Valley fall run Chinook salmon. Marine Ecology Progress Series 511: 237-248 (PDF).

Carlson, S.M., Cunningham, C.J., and Westley, P.A.H. 2014. Evolutionary rescue in a changing world. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 29: 521-530.

Buoro, M. and Carlson, S.M. 2014. Life history syndromes: integrating dispersal through space and time. Ecology Letters 17: 756-767.


Siepielski, A.M., Gotanda, K.M., Morrissey, M.B., Diamond, S.E., DiBattista, J.D., and Carlson, S.M. 2013. The spatial patterns of directional phenotypic selection. Ecology Letters 16: 1382-1392 (PDF).

Resh, V.H., Bêche, L., Lawrence, J., Mazor, R., McElravy, E.P., Purcell, A.P., and Carlson, S.M. 2013. Long-term population and community patterns of benthic macroinvertebrates and fishes in northern California Mediterranean-climate streams. Hydrobiologia 719: 93-118 (PDF).


Moore, J.W., Carlson, S.M., Twardochleb, L., Hwan, J.L., Fox, J.M., Hayes, S.A. 2012. Trophic tangles through time? Opposing direct and indirect effects of an invasive omnivore on stream ecosystem processes. PLoS ONE 7: e50687 (PDF).

Kingsolver, J.G., Diamond, S.E., Siepielski, A.M., and Carlson, S.M. 2012. Synthetic analyses of phenotypic selection in natural populations: lessons, limitations and future directions. Evolutionary Ecology 26: 1101-1118 (PDF).

Moore, J.W., Herbst, D.B., Heady, W., and Carlson, S.M. 2012. Stream community and ecosystem responses to the boom and bust of an invading snail. Biological Invasions 14: 2435-2446 (PDF).


Carlson, S.M., and Satterthwaite, W.H. 2011. Weakened portfolio effect in a collapsed salmon population complex. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 68: 1579-1589 (PDF).

Leidy, R.A., Cervantes-Yoshida, K., and Carlson, S.M. 2011. Persistence of native fishes in small streams of the urbanized San Francisco Estuary, California: acknowledging the role of urban streams in native fish conservation. Aquatic Conservation: Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems 21: 472-483 (PDF).

Anderson, J.H., Ward, E.J., and Carlson, S.M. 2011. A model for estimating the minimum number of offspring to sample in studies of reproductive success. Journal of Heredity 102: 567-576 (PDF).

Carlson, S.M., Quinn, T.P., and Hendry, A.P. 2011. Eco-evolutionary dynamics in Pacific salmon. Heredity 106: 438-447 (PDF).

Siepielski, A.M., DiBattista, J.D., Evans, J.A., and Carlson, S.M. 2011. Differences in the temporal dynamics of phenotypic selection among fitness components in the wild. Proceedings of the Royal Society B 278: 1572-1580 (PDF).


Darimont, C.T., Bryan, H.M., Carlson, S.M., Hocking, M.D., MacDuffee, M., Paquet, P.C., Price, M.H.H., Reimchen, T.E., Reynolds, J.D., and Wilmers, C.C. 2010. Salmon for terrestrial protected areas. Conservation Letters 3: 379-389. (PDF)

Carlson, S.M., Kottas, A., and Mangel, M. 2010. Bayesian analysis of size-dependent over-winter mortality from size-frequency distributions. Ecology 91: 1016-1024. (PDF)


Siepielski, A.M., DiBattista, J.D., and Carlson, S.M. 2009. It’s about time: the temporal dynamics of phenotypic selection in the wild. Ecology Letters 12: 1261-1276. (PDF)

Kinnison, M.T., Palkovacs, E.P., Darimont, C.T., Carlson, S.M., Paquet, P.C., and Wilmers, C.C. 2009. Letter: Some cautionary notes on fisheries evolutionary impact assessments. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA 106: E115. (PDF)

Olsen, E.M., Carlson, S.M., Gjøsæter, J., and Stenseth, N.C. 2009. Nine decades of decreasing phenotypic variability in Atlantic cod. Ecology Letters 12: 622-631. (PDF)

Carlson, S.M., Rich, H.B., and Quinn, T.P. 2009. Does variation in selection imposed by bears drive divergence among populations in the size and shape of sockeye salmon? Evolution 63: 1244-1261. (PDF) (Evolution cover image)

Quinn, T.P., Carlson, S.M., Gende, S.M., and Rich, H.B. 2009. Transportation of Pacific salmon carcasses from streams to riparian forests by bears. Canadian Journal of Zoology 87: 195-203. (PDF)

Darimont, C.T., Carlson, S.M., Kinnison, M.T., Paquet, P.C., Reimchen, T.E., and Wilmers, C.C. 2009. Letter: Reply to Koons: Harvest-related trait changes in an increasingly variable world. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA 106: E33. (PDF)

Darimont, C.T., Carlson, S.M., Kinnison, M.T., Paquet, P.C., Reimchen, T.E., and Wilmers, C.C. 2009. Human predators outpace other agents of trait change in the wild. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 106: 952-954. (PDF) Sample of resulting coverage: 1. sciencemag, 2. New York Times, 3. National Geographic, 4. Reuters, 5. “Research Highlight” in Nature.


Carlson, S.M., and Stenseth, N.C. 2008. Commentary: Fishery selection across the millennia. Proceedings of the Royal Society B 275: 2657-2658. (PDF)

Carlson, S.M., Olsen, E.M., and Vøllestad, L.A. 2008. Seasonal mortality and the effect of body size: a review and an empirical test using individual data on brown trout. Functional Ecology 22: 663-673. (PDF)

Carlson, S.M. and Seamons, T.R. 2008. A review of quantitative genetic components of fitness in salmonids: implications for adaptation to future change. Evolutionary Applications 1: 222-238. (PDF) (Evolutionary Applications‘ most cited paper to date!)

McClure, M.M., Carlson, S.M., Beechie, T.J., Pess, G.R., Jorgenson, J.C., Sogard, S.M., Sultan, S.E., Holzer, D.M., Travis, J., Sanderson, B.L., Power, M.E., and Carmichael, R.W. 2008. Evolutionary consequences of habitat loss for Pacific anadromous salmonids. Evolutionary Applications 1: 300-318. (PDF)

Westley, P.A.H., Carlson, S.M., and Quinn, T.P. 2008. Among-population variation in adipose fin size parallels the expression of other secondary sexual characteristics in sockeye salmon (Oncorhynchus nerka). Environmental Biology of Fishes 81: 439-446. (PDF)


Carlson, S.M., Hilborn, R., Hendry, A.P., and Quinn, T.P. 2007. Predation by bears drives senescence in natural populations of salmon. PLoS ONE 2: e1286. (PDF)

Carlson, S.M., and Quinn, T.P. 2007. Ten years of varying lake level and selection on size-at-maturity in sockeye salmon. Ecology 88: 2620-2629. (PDF) (Ecology cover image)

Edeline, E., Carlson, S.M., Stige, L.C., Winfield, I.J., Fletcher, J.M., James, J.B., Haugen, T.O., Vøllestad, L.A., and Stenseth, N.C. 2007. Trait changes in a harvested population are driven by a dynamic tug-of-war between natural and harvest selection. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA 104: 15799-15804. (PDF) Sample of resulting coverage: 1. “News & Views” article in Nature, 2. “Research Focus” in Trends in Ecology & Evolution, 3. This article was chosen by Nature’s editors as their 2007 choice for “Research Highlight” in the area of Fisheries.

Carlson, S.M., Edeline, E., Vøllestad, L.A., Haugen, T.O., Winfield, I.J., Fletcher, J.M., James, J.B., and Stenseth, N.C. 2007. Four decades of opposing natural and human-induced artificial selection acting on Windermere pike (Esox lucius). Ecology Letters 10: 512-521. (PDF)

Carlson, S.M., Hendry, A.P., and Letcher, B.H. 2007. Growth rate differences between resident native brook trout and non-native brown trout. Journal of Fish Biology 71: 1430-1447. (PDF)


Johnson, S.P., Carlson, S.M., and Quinn, T.P. 2006. Tooth size and skin thickness in mature sockeye salmon: evidence for habitat constraints and variable investment between the sexes. Ecology of Freshwater Fish 15: 331-338. (PDF)

Rich, H.B., Carlson, S.M., Chasco, B.E., Briggs, K.C., and Quinn, T.P. 2006. Movements of male sockeye salmon, Oncorhynchus nerka, on spawning grounds: effects of in-stream residency, density and body size. Animal Behaviour 71: 971-981. (PDF)

2005 and earlier

Carlson, S.M., Rich, H.B., and Quinn, T.P. 2004. Reproductive life-span and sources of mortality for alternative male life-history strategies in sockeye salmon, Oncorhynchus nerka. Canadian Journal of Zoology 82: 1878-1885. (PDF)

Carlson, S.M., Hendry, A.P., and Letcher, B.H. 2004. Natural selection acting on body size, growth rate and compensatory growth: an empirical test in a wild trout population. Evolutionary Ecology Research 6: 955-973. (PDF)

Stewart, I.A., Carlson, S.M., Boatright, C.P., Buck, G.B., and Quinn, T.P. 2004. Site fidelity of spawning sockeye salmon (Oncorhynchus nerka W.) in the presence and absence of olfactory cues. Ecology of Freshwater Fish 13: 104-110. (PDF)

Carlson, S.M., and Letcher, B.H. 2003. Variation in brook and brown trout survival within and among seasons, species, and age classes. Journal of Fish Biology 63: 780-794. (PDF)