Chapter Outline

I. Transition from Conservation to environmentalism in the Mid-1900s

Discussion Questions

1. What is Bob Marshall's argument about the "people's forests"? Would his approach lead to sustainable use of the forests?

2. What rationale does Franklin D. Roosevelt give for the construction of Boulder (now called Hoover) Dam? What problems do environmentalists see today with the construction of big dams? Should Boulder Dam, TVA, and other dams have been built?

3. Compare the conservation concerns of Theodore Roosevelt in the 1900s, Franklin Delano Roosevelt in the 1930s, and John F. Kennedy in the 1960s. Which groups of people were involved in conservation in the three periods? What social groups were not affected or left out?

4. How do Rachel Carson's assumptions about pesticides differ from those of the chemical companies and scientists she criticizes? Did Carson's Silent Spring initiate a paradigm shift in assumptions about managing nature? Did it initiate the contemporary environmental movement? Support your claims.

5. What is the role of government regulation in resource conservation? How do you account for the change from laissez faire use to the environmental regulation of natural resources?

6. What are the new and significant aspects of the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969? What was the effect of the passage of the act?

7. Trace the history of U. S. legislation with respect to Native American land rights. What issues arose in the twentieth century with respect to Indian water rights? In what ways have the courts, Congress, and the executive branch been at odds over Indian rights?

8. What issues arise for Hopi and Alaskan Natives with respect to subsistence and commercial development of their traditional lands?