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Lesson 2: Food Guide Pyramid & Traditional Foods- Page 4
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Lesson 2
Lesson 2




The "pyramid" shape provides a visual representation of a nutritious diet. It’
shape illustrates that the foundation or “base” of a healthy diet consists of
breads, cereal, pasta, rice and noodles. These foods are high in carbohydrates, which gives us energy for our daily
activities. It also contains fiber as well as vitamins and minerals which are beneficial for our health.

Fruits and Vegetables
Fruits and vegetables make up the next two categories of the pyramid. Like the grains, our diet should include all types of fruits and vegetables daily, especially those high in antioxidants such as Vitamin A, C, E, and folic acid. Fruits and vegetables contain phytochemicals which are protective against cancer. You will learn more about these in lesson 4 on fruits and vegetables. Fruits and vegetables also contain fiber which helps with lowering cholesterol and reduces risk of heart disease, and promotes regularity.