1975 Milton, K. Urine-rubbing behavior in the mantled howler monkey. Folia primatologica 23:105-112.

1976 Milton, K. and M. May. Body weight, diet and home-range in primates. Nature 259:459-462. PDF

1977 Milton, K. and R. Mittermeier. A brief survey of the primates of Coiba Island, Panama. Primates 18:931-936.

1977 Cartmill, M. and K. Milton. The lorisform wrist joint and the evolution of "brachiating" adaptations in the Hominoidea. Amer. J. Phys. Anthr. 47:249-272.

1977 Mittermeier, R. and K. Milton. Jungle Jackpot. Animal Kingdom 79:26-34.

1978 Milton, K. Behavioral adaptations to leaf-eating by the mantled howler monkey. IN: The Ecology of Arboreal Folivores, G.G. Montgomery (ed.). Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Press.

1978 Milton, K. Role of the upper canine and p2 in increasing the harvesting efficiency of Hapalemur griseus Link 1795. J. Mammalogy 59:188-190.

1978 Milton, K. The quality of diet as a possible limiting factor on the howler monkey population of Barro Colorado Island. IN: Recent Advances in Primatology, Volume One. D.J. Chivers & J. Herbert, eds. New York: Academic Press. Pages 387-389.

1978 Mittermeier, R. and K. Milton. Isla Coiba: A possible national park for Panama. Oryx 14:343-344.

1979 Milton, K. Factors influencing leaf choice by howler monkeys: A test of some hypotheses of food selection by generalist herbivores. American Naturalist 114:362-378.

1979 Milton, K. Relacion entre las estrategias empleadas en la busqueda de alimentos y la distribucion y seleccion de estos en el caso del mono aullador (Alouatta palliata). Actas del IV Symp. Internacional de Ecologia Tropical, March 1977.

1979 Milton, K., T.M. Casey, and K.K. Casey. The basal metabolism of mantled howler monkeys. J. Mammalogy 60:373-376.

1979 Nagy, K. and K. Milton. Energy metabolism and food consumption by howler monkeys. Ecology 60:475-480.

1979 Nagy, K. and K. Milton. Aspects of dietary quality, nutrient assimilation and water balance in wild howler monkeys. Oecologia 30:249-258.

1980 Milton, K. The Foraging Strategy of Howler Monkeys: A Study in Primate Economics. New York: Columbia University Press.

1980 Milton, K., P.J. Van Soest and J. Robertson. Digestive efficiencies of wild howler monkeys. Physiological Zoology 53:402-409.

1981 Milton, K. Estimates of reproductive parameters for free-ranging Ateles geoffroyi. Primates 22:574-579.

1981 van Roosmalen, M.G., R.A. Mittermeier, and K. Milton. The bearded sakis, Genus Chiropotes. IN: Ecology and Behavior of Neotropical Primates. A.F. Coimbra-Filho and R.A. Mittermeier (eds.). Academia Brasileira de Ciencias, Rio de Janeiro. pp. 419-495.

1981 Milton, K. Food choice and digestive strategies of two sympatric primate species. American Naturalist 117:476-495. PDF

1981 Milton, K. and F. Dintzis. Nitrogen-to-protein conversion factors for tropical tree samples. Biotropica 13:177-181.

1981 Milton, K. Diversity of plant foods in tropical forests as a stimulus to mental development in primates. American Anthropologist 83:534-548. PDF

1981 Ayres, J.M. and K. Milton. Levantamento de primatas e habitat no Rio Tapajos. Boletim Do Museu Paraense Emilio Goeldi, Zoology 111:1-11.

1982 Milton, K., D. W. Morrison, M.A. Estribi and D.M. Windsor. Fruiting phenologies of two Neotropical Ficus species. Ecology 63:752-762.

1982 Milton, K. The role of resource seasonality in density regulation of a wild primate population. IN: Ecology of a Tropical Forest. A.S. Leigh, A.S. Rand, and D.M. Windsor (eds.). Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Press. pp. 273-289.

1982 Putz, F.E., and K. Milton. Tree mortality rates on Barro Colorado Island. IN: Ecology of a Tropical Forest. A.S. Leigh, A.S. Rand, and D.M. Windsor, (eds.). Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Press. pp. 95-100.

1983 Milton, K. and R.H. McBee. Structural carbohydrate digestion in a New World Primate, Alouatta palliata Gray. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology 74:29-31.

1983 Milton, K. Morphometric features as tribal predictors in Northwestern Amazonia. Annals Human Biology 10:435-440.

1984 Milton, K. Protein and carbohydrate resources of the Maku Indians of Northwestern Amazonia. American Anthropologist 86:7-27.

1984 Milton, K. Habitat, diet and activity patterns of free-ranging woolly spider monkeys (Brachyteles arachnoides, E. Geoffroy 1806). International Journal of Primatology 5:491-514.

1984 Milton, K., and J. Nessimian. Evidence for insectivory in two primate species of northwestern Amazonia. American Journal of Primatology 6:367-371.

1984 Milton, K. The role of food processing factors in primate choice. IN: Adaptations for Foraging in Nonhuman Primates. P. Rodman and J. Cant, (eds.). Columbia University Press. pp. 249-279. PDF

1984 Milton, K., and C. de Lucca. Population estimate for Brachyteles at Fazenda Barreiro Rico, Sao Paulo State, Brazil. IUCN/SSC Primate Specialist Group Newsletter 4:27-28.

1984 Milton, K. Reply to Stahl, Hominid dietary selection before fire. Current Anthropology 25:160-161.

1984 Milton, K. Leaf-eaters of the New World: Diet and energy conservation in the mantled howler monkey. IN: The Encyclopedia of Mammals. D. Macdonald (ed.). Equinox (Oxford) Ltd. pp. 368-369.

1985 Milton, K. Urine washing behavior in the woolly spider monkey. Zeitschrift fur Tierpsycologie 67:154-160.

1985 Milton, K. Ecological foundations for subsistence strategies among the Mbuti Pygmies. Human Ecology 12:71-78.

1985 Sih, A. and K. Milton. Optimal diet theory: Should the !Kung eat mongongos? American Anthropologist 87:395-401.

1985 Milton, K. Mating patterns of woolly spider monkeys, Brachyteles arachnoides: implications for female choice. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology 17:53-59.

1985 Milton, K. Multi-male mating and the absence of canine tooth dimorphism in woolly spider monkeys, Brachyteles arachnoides. American Journal of Physical Anthropology 68:519-523.

1985 Setz, E. and K. Milton. Primate Survey in the Ique-Juruna Nature Preserve, Mato Grosso, Brazil. IUCN/SSC Primate Specialist Group Newsletter, Vol. 6:29-31.

1986 Milton, K. Features of digestive physiology in primates. News in Physiological Sciences, Vol. 1/April 1986: 76-79.

1986 Milton, K. Ecological background and conservation priorities for woolly spider monkeys (Brachyteles arachnoides). IN: Primates-the Road to Self-sustaining Populations. K. Benirschke, ed. New York: Springer-Verlag. pp. 241-250.

1987 Milton, K. Primate diets and gut morphology: Implications for human evolution. IN: Food and Evolution: Toward a Theory of Human Food Habits, M. Harris and E.B. Ross, (eds.). Philadelphia, PA: Temple University Press. pp. 93-116. PDF

1987 Milton, K. and R. Jenness. Ascorbic acid content of neotropical plant parts available to wild monkeys and bats. Experientia 43:339-342.

1988 Milton, K. Foraging behavior and the evolution of primate cognition. IN: Machiavellian Intelligence: Social expertise and the evolution of intellect in monkeys, apes and humans, A. Whiten and R. Byrne, eds. Oxford: Oxford University Press, pp. 285-305.

1988 Milton, K. and M. Demment. Digestive and passage kinetics of chimpanzees fed high and low fiber diets and comparison with human data. J. Nutrition, vol. 118:1-7.

1989 Milton, K. and M. Demment. Features of meat digestion by captive chimpanzees, Pan troglodytes. American Journal of Primatology 18:45-52.

1990 Milton, K. Annual mortality patterns of a mammal community in central Panama. Journal of Tropical Ecology. 6:493-499.

1990 Dudley, R. and K. Milton. Energetic costs of insect deterrence in howler monkeys. Journal of Mammalogy. 71:463-465.

1990 Nakatsu, T., T. Johns, I. Kubo, K. Milton, M. Sakai, K. Chtani, K. Saito, Y. Yamagiwa and T. Kamikawa. Isolation, structure and synthesis of novel 4- quinolinone alkaloids from Esenbeckia leiocarpa. Journal of Natural Products. 53: 1058-1513.

1990 Milton, K. Calidad dietetica y regulacion demographica de una poblacion de monos aulladores, Alouatta palliata. In Ecologia de Un Bosque Tropical, E.G. Leigh, A.S. Rand and D.M. Windsor, editors. Smithsonian Press. Pp.357-374.

1991 Milton, K. Pectin content of neotropical plant parts. Biotropica. 23: 90-92.

1991 Milton, K. Annual patterns of leaf and fruit production by six Neotropical Moraceae species. Journal of Ecology. 79: 1-26. PDF

1991 Milton, K. Comparative aspects of diet in Amazonian Forest Dwellers. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society, Series B. 334: 253-263.

1992 Milton, K Comparative aspects of diet in Amazionian forest-dwellers. In Foraging Strategies and Natural Diets of Monkeys, Apes, and Humans, edited by A. Whiten and E.M. Widdowson. Oxford: Oxford Scientific Press, pp.93-103. This is duplication of above l991 paper in book form.

1992 Milton, K. Civilization and its Discontents. Natural History, March 1992, pp. 36-45.
Reprinted in Anthropology 94/95, Dushkin Pub. Group, E. Angiloni, ed. 1994.
Reprinted in: Crossing Currents: Continuity and Change in Latin America, M.B. Whiteford and S. Whiteford, eds. Prentice Hall Series in Anthropology, 1998.

1992 Daly, J.W, J. Chaceres, R. Moni, F. Gusovsky, M. Moos Jr., K. Seamon, K. Milton and C.W. Myers. Frog secretions and hunting magic in the Upper Amazon: identification of a peptide interacting with adenosine receptor. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 89: 10960-10963.

1993 Milton, K. Diet and social behavior of a free-ranging spider monkey population:the development of species-typical behaviors in the absence of adults. In Juvenile Primates: Life History, Development and Behavior, edited by M. Pereira and L.A. Fairbanks. New York: Oxford University Press, pp. 173-181.

1993 Milton, K. Diet and Primate Evolution. Scientific American.269:86-93. PDF

1993 Chamberlain, J.C., G.J. Nelson and K. Milton. Fatty acid profiles of major food sources of howler monkeys (Alouatta palliata) in the Neotropics. Experientia, 49 (9):820-824.

1993 Jenkins, C. and K. Milton. Diet and survival among the Hagahai of Papua New Guinea. Tropical Forests, People and Food. Man and the Biosphere Series, Vol. 13. Edited by C.M. Hladik, A. Hladik, O.F. Linares, H. Pagezy, A. Semple and M. Hadley.

1994 Milton, K., E.A. Laca and M.W. Demment. Mortality and growth of canopy trees in a neotropical lowland forest. Journal of Ecology 82: 79-87 PDF.

1994 Milton, K. No Pain, No Game. Natural History, September 1994. Pages 44-51. PDF

1995 Milton, K. Evolution of a physical anthropologist. IN Research Frontiers in Anthropology, edited by C. Ember and M. Ember. Englewood Cliffs, N.J.: Prentice-Hall, Publishers. PDF

1995 Milton, K. Commentary on The Expensive Tissue Hypothesis by L.C. Aiello and P. Wheeler. Current Anthropology 36:214-216.

1996 Milton, K. Food and Diet. The Encyclopedia of Cultural Anthropology, edited by D. Levinson and M. Ember. New York: Henry Holt and Company. Pages 503-508.

1996 Milton, K. Interactions between a host-specific bot fly, Alouattamyia baeri, and a free-ranging howler monkey (Alouatta palliata) population in Panama. Journal of Zoology 239: 39-63. PDF

1996 Baron, R.W., D.D. Colwell and K. Milton. Antibody Immunoglobulin G (IgG) response to Alouattamyia baeri (Diptera: Cuterebridae) parasitism of howler monkeys, Alouatta palliata, in Panama. J. Med. Entomol. 33: 946-951. PDF

1997 Milton, K. Real men don't eat deer. Discover . June 1997.
Republished in Annual Editions: Physical Anthropology, 1998: Dushkin Publishing; Republished in ELF Textbook: Listening & Speaking Skills for Cambridge Proficiency CPE2; Express Publishing Co., Athens, Greece, 1998. PDF

1998 Milton, K. Physiological ecology of howlers (Alouatta): Energetic and digestive considerations and comparison with the Colobinae. International Journal of Primatology 19(3): 513-548. PDF

1998 DeGusta, D. and K. Milton. Skeletal pathologies in a population of Alouatta palliata. Intern. Journal of Primatology 19(3): 615-650.

1998 Milton, K. Commentary on C.B. Stanford's The social behavior of chimpanzees and bonobos: empirical evidence and shifting assumptions. Current Anthropology 39: 411-412.

1998 Colwell, D.D. and K. Milton. Development of Alouattamyia baeri (Diptera: Cuterebridae) from howler monkeys (Alouatta palliata) on Barro Colorado Island, Panama. Journal of Medical Entomology 35:674-680. PDF

1999 Milton, K. Nutritional characteristics of wild Primate foods: Do the natural diets of our closest living relatives have lessons for us? Nutrition 15(6):488-498. PDF

1999 Milton, K. A hypothesis to explain the role of meat-eating in human evolution. Evolutionary Anthropology.8:11-21. PDF

1999 Colwell, D.D., C.R. Baird, B. Lee and K. Milton. Scanning electron microscopy and comparative morphometrics of eggs from six bot fly species (Diptera: Oestridae: Cuterebrinae. Journal of Medical Entomology 36:803-810.

1999 Milton, K. Commentary on cooking and the ecology of human origins. Current Anthropology, 40:583-584

2000 Milton K. Hunter-gatherer diets: a different perspective. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 71:665-667. PDF

2000 Milton, K. Quo vadis? Tactics of food search and group movement in primates and other animals. In: On the Move: How and Why Animals Travel in Groups. S. Boinski and P. Garber, eds. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, , pp. 375-418. PDF

2000 Milton K. Back to basics: why foods of wild primates have relevance for modern human health. Nutrition 16:481-483. PDF

2000 Jones, A.L., D. DeGusta, S. P.Turner, C.J. Campbell, and K. Milton. Craniometric variation in a population of mantled howler monkeys (Alouatta palliata): Evidence of size selection in females and growth in dentally mature males. Amer. J. Phys. Anthrop. 113:411-434.

2000 Milton K. Reply to Cordain et al. American Journal.of Clinical Nutrition 72:1590-1592.

2000 Milton K. Reply to S.C. Cunnane. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 72:1586-1588.

2001 Milton K. Reply to ARP Walker. American Journal Clinical Nutrition 73:355-356.

2001 Milton, K Aspects and implications of ecological diversity in forest societies of the Brazilian Amazon. In: On Biocultural Diversity: Linking Language, Knowledge and the Environment. L. Maffi, ed. Washington D.C.: Smithsonian Press. Pp.282-297. PDF

2001 Milton, K. Leaf-eaters of the New World: Diet and energy conservation in the mantled howler monkey. IN: The New Encyclopedia of Mammals. D. Macdonald (ed.). Equinox (Oxford) Ltd. Pp. 354-355. PDF

2002 Milton, K. Hunter-gatherer diets: wild foods signal relief from diseases of affluence. In: Human Diet: Its Origins and Evolution, Peter Ungar and Mark Teaford, editors. Westport, CT Bergin & Garvey, pp. 111-122. PDF

2002 Colwell, D.D. & Milton, K. 2002. Cuterebra (= Alouattamyia) baeri
from howler monkeys on Barro Colorado Island, Panama. Pg 206-210. In: Good, M., Hall, M.J.R., Losson, B., O'Brien, D. Pithan, K., Sol., J. (Eds.) Mange and Myiasis of Livestock. COST Action 833. Proceedings of the workshop held at the Ecole Nationale Veterinaire de Toulouse, France Oct 3 - 6, 2001

2003 Milton, K. Animals: Primate Diets. Scribner’s Encyclopedia of Food and Culture. S.H. Katz, editor-in-chief. New York: Charles Scribners & Sons, pp 83-86.

2003 DeGusta, D, M.A.. Everett, and K. Milton. Natural selection on molar size in a wild population of howler monkeys (Alouatta palliata). Proceedings of the Royal Society, Biological Sciences (Biology Letters) doi 10.1098/rsbl.2003.0001. Later printed as Proceedings of the Royal Society: Biological Sciences (Biology Letters) 270:S15-S17. PDF

2003 Milton K. Something to howl about: howler monkeys and their bot fly parasites. Natural History October 2003, pp. 20-24. PDF

2003 Milton, K. Micronutrient intakes of non-human primates: are humans different? Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology Part A: 136:47-59. PDF

2003 Milton, K. The critical role played by animal source foods in human evolution. Journal of Nutrition 133:3893S-3897S.

2004 Wang, E. and Milton, K. Intragroup social relationships of male Alouatta palliata on Barro Colorado Island, Republic of Panama. International Journal of Primatology.Vol. 24 (6): 1227-1244. PDF

2005 Milton, K. Ferment in the family tree: Does a frugivorous dietary heritage influence contemporary patterns of human ethanol use? Integrative & Comparative Biology 44:38-48. PDF

2005 Milton, K., J. Giacalone, S. J. Wright and G. Stockmayer. Do populations fluctuations of neotropical mammals reflect fruit production estimates? The evidence from Barro Colorado Island. IN: Tropical Fruits and Frugivores: The Search for Strong Interactors. J. L. Dew & J.P. Boubli, eds. Kluwer Publishing, Dordrecht, The Netherlands, pp.5-37. PDF

2006. Milton, K. and Hopkins, M.E. Growth of a reintroduced spider monkey population on Barro Colorado Island, Panama. In: New Perspectives in the Study of Mesoamerican Primates: Distribution, Ecology, Behavior and Conservation, Alejandro Estrada, Paul Garber, Mary Pavelka, LeAndra Luecke (eds). Developments in Primatology: Progress and Prospects, Series editor Russell A. Tuttle. New York: Springer Science+Business Media, Inc, pp. 417-435. PDF

2006 Milton, K. Picking up the pace: Nutritional ecology as a necessary research to in primatology. IN: Feeding Ecology in Apes and Other Primates, edited by Gottfried Hohmann, Martha M. Robbins & Christophe Boesch, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. pp. 381-396. PDF

2008 Ryan, S., Starks Philip T, Milton, K. and Getz, W. M. Intersexual conflict and group size in Alouatta palliata: A 23-year evaluation . International Journal of Primatology 29 (2):405-420.

2008 Milton, K. Macronutrient Profiles of 19 Fruit Species from Barro Colorado Island, Panama. Neotropical Primates 15 (1):1- 5. PDF

2009 Katharine Milton, Jeffrey D. Lozier, and Eileen A. Lacey. Genetic structure of an isolated population of mantled howler monkeys (Alouatta palliata) on Barro Colorado Island, Panama. Conservation Genetics. DOI 10.1007/s10592-008-9584-3. Webpage Abstract PDF Full HTML

2010   Katharine Milton, Jeffrey D. Lozier, Eileen A. Lacey.   Isolation of novel microsatellites for the howler monkey bot fly, Cuterebra baeri (Diptera: Cuterebrinae).  Conservation Genetics Resources DOI 10.1007/s12686-010-9366-3.  2011 Conservation Genetics Resources 3:403-407, see also p. 597.