Dillis, C., Butsic, V., Martin, J. V., Reiman, A., Starrs, G., and Grantham, T. 2023. Wildfire smoke exposure has significant economic impacts on California’s licensed cannabis industry. Environmental Research Letters 18: 094069 [open access].

Jumani, S., Andrews, L., Grantham, T.E., McKay, S.K., Duda, J. and Howard, J. 2023. A decision-support framework for dam removal planning and its application in northern California. Environmental Challenges 100731 [open access].

Oshun, M. and Grantham, T.E., 2023. Leveraging species richness and ecological condition indices to guide systematic conservation planning. Journal of Environmental Management 341 [doi].

Moidu, H., Rodríguez‐Lozano, P., Leidy, R., Bogan, M., Grantham, T. E. and Carlson, S. M. Ecological consequences of shifting habitat mosaics within and across years in an intermittent stream. Freshwater Biology [doi].

Dillis, C., Butsic, V., Georgakakos, P., Portugal, E. and Grantham, T.E. 2023. Water demands of permitted and unpermitted cannabis cultivation in Northern California. Environmental Research Communications 5: 025005 [open access].

Mount, J. and Grantham, T.E. 2023. Rebuilding resilience: Drought and declining freshwater species in California. Water Resources IMPACT 5: 29-32 [open access].

Polson, M., Butsic, V., Dillis, C., de Genova, H., Grantham, T., Herrera, L.R., Hossack, J., Laudati, A., Martin, J.V., Parker-Shames, P., Petersen-Rockney, M., Sorgen, J., Starrs, G. 2023. Policy findings and recommendations regarding California cannabis: Farming, regulation, and the environment. Berkeley Cannabis Research Center [pdf].

Polson, M., Bodwitch, H., Biber, E., Butsic, V. and Grantham, T.E. 2023. After legalization: Cannabis, environmental compliance, and agricultural futures. Land Use Policy 126: 106531 [open access].


Kastl, B., Obedzinski, M., Carlson, S.M., Boucher, W.T. and Grantham, T.E. 2022. Migration in drought: Receding streams contract the seaward migration window of endangered salmon. Ecosphere, 13(12): e4295 [open access].

Rossi, G.J., Power, M.E., Carlson, S.M., and Grantham, T.E. 2022. Seasonal growth potential of Oncorhynchus mykiss in streams with contrasting prey phenology and streamflow. Ecosphere 13(9): e4211 [open access].

Dillis, C., Butsic, V., Moanga, D., Parker-Shames, P., Wartenberg, A., and Grantham, T.E. 2022. The threat of wildfire is unique to cannabis among agricultural sectors in California. Ecosphere 13(9): e4205 [open access].

Stein, E., McClain, M., Sengupta, A., Grantham, T., Zimmerman, J. and Yarnell, S. 2022. “Allocations and environmental flows” Chapter 5 in Water Resources Allocation and Agriculture: Transitioning from Open to Regulated Access. Edited by: Josselin Rouillard, Christina Babbitt, Edward Challies, Jean-Daniel Rinaudo. IWA Publishing [open access].

Kislik, C., Dronova, I., Grantham, T.E. and Kelly, M., 2022. Mapping algal bloom dynamics in small reservoirs using Sentinel-2 imagery in Google Earth Engine. Ecological Indicators 140: 109041 [open access].

Serra-Llobet, A., Jähnig, S.C., Geist, J., Kondolf, G.M., Damm, C., Scholz, M., Lund, J., Opperman, J., Yarnell, S., Pawley, A., Shader, E., Cain, J., Zingraff-Harned, A., Grantham, T.E., Eisenstein, W. and Schmitt, R. 2022. Restoring rivers and floodplains for habitat and flood risk reduction: Experiences in multi-benefit floodplain management from California and Germany. Frontiers in Environmental Science [open access]

Grantham, T.E., Carlisle, D.M., Howard, J., Lane, B., Lusardi, R., Obester, A., Sandoval-Solis, S., Stanford, B., Stein, E.D., Taniguchi-Quan, K.T. and Yarnell, S.M. 2022. Modeling functional flows in California’s rivers. Frontiers in Environmental Science [open access].

Yarnell, S.M., Willis, A., Obester, A., Peek, R.A., Lusardi, R.A., Zimmerman, J., Grantham, T.E. and Stein, E.D. 2022. Functional flows in groundwater-influenced streams: Application of the California Environmental Flows Framework to determine ecological flow needs. Frontiers in Environmental Science [open access].


Moidu, H., Obedzinski, M., Carlson, S.M. and Grantham, T.E. 2021. Spatial patterns and sensitivity of intermittent stream drying to climate variability. Water Resources Research: e2021WR030314 [doi].

Stein, E.D., Zimmerman, J., Yarnell, S.M., Stanford, B., Lane, B., Taniguchi-Quan, K.T., Obester, A., Grantham, T.E., Lusardi, R.A. and Sandoval-Solis, S., 2021. The California Environmental Flows Framework: Meeting the challenges of developing a large-scale environmental flows program. Frontiers in Environmental Science [open access].

Dillis, C., Butsic, V., Carah, J., Zipper, S.C. and Grantham, T.E. 2021. Cannabis farms in California rely on wells outside of regulated groundwater basins. Environmental Research Communications 3: 075005 [open access].

Dillis, C., Biber, E., Bodwitch, H., Butsic, V., Carah, J., Parker-Shames, P., Polson, M., and Grantham, T.E. 2021. Shifting geographies of legal cannabis production in California. Land Use Policy 105: 105369 [pdf].

Comte, L., Grantham, T.E., Ruhi, A. 2021. Human stabilization of river flows is linked with fish invasions across the USA. Global Ecology and Biogeography 30: 725-737 [open access]


Grantham, T.E., Mount, J., Stein, E.D., and Yarnell, S.M. 2020. Making the Most of Water for the Environment: A Functional Flows Approach for California’s Rivers. Public Policy Institute of California Water Policy Center Report [pdf]

Dillis, C., McIntee, C., Butsic, V., Le, L., Grady, K., and Grantham, T.E. 2020. Water storage and irrigation practices drive seasonal patterns of water extraction and use in Northern California. Journal of Environmental Management 272: 110955 [open access]

Vander Vorste, R., Obedzinski, M., Nossaman Pierce, S., Carlson, S.M. and Grantham, T.E. 2020. Refuges and ecological traps: extreme drought threatens persistence of an endangered fish in intermittent streams. Global Change Biology [open access]

Yarnell, S.M., Stein, E.D., Webb, J.A., Grantham, T.E., Lusardi, R.A., Zimmerman, J., Peek, R.A., Lane, B.A., Howard, J. and Sandoval‐Solis, S. 2020. A functional flows approach to selecting ecologically relevant flow metrics for environmental flow applications. River Research and Applications 36: 318-324 [pdf]


Grantham, T.E., Matthews, J.H. & Bledsoe, B.P. 2019. Shifting currents: Managing freshwater systems for ecological resilience in a changing climate. Water Security 8: 100049 [open access]

Mount, J., Gray, B., Bork, K., Cloern, J.E., Davis, F.W., Grantham, T.E., Grenier, L., Harder, J., Kuwayama, Y., Moyle, P., Schwartz, M.W., Whipple, A., Yarnell, S. 2019. A Path Forward for California’s Freshwater Ecosystems. Public Policy Institute of California Water Policy Center Report [pdf]

Eng, K., Carlisle, D.M., Grantham, T.E., Wolock, D.M., and Eng, R.L. 2019. Severity and extent of alterations to natural streamflow regimes based on hydrologic metrics in the conterminous United States, 1980–2014: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2019–5001 [pdf]

Carlisle, D.M., Grantham, T.E., Eng, K., Wolock, D.M., 2019, Regional-scale associations between indicators of biological integrity and indicators of streamflow modification: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2019–1088 [pdf]

Carlisle, D.M., Wolock, D.M., Konrad, C.P., McCabe, G.J., Eng, K., Grantham, T.E., and Mahler, B. 2019. Flow modifica­tion in the Nation’s streams and rivers: U.S. Geological Survey Circular 1461 [pdf]

Wilson, H., Bodwitch, H., Carah, J., Danne, K., Getz, C., Grantham, T.E. & Butsic, V. 2019. First known survey of cannabis production practices in California. California Agriculture 73(3-4): 119-127 [open access]

Dillis, C., Grantham, T.E., McIntee, C., McFadin, B. & Grady, K. 2019. Watering the Emerald Triangle: Irrigation sources used by cannabis cultivators in Northern California. 73(3-4): 146-153 [open access]

Bodwitch, H., Carah, C., Daane, K., Getz, C., Grantham, T.E., Hickey, G. & Wilson, H. 2019. Growers say cannabis legalization excludes small growers, supports illicit markets, undermines local economies. 73(3-4): [open access]

Grantham, T.E., Zimmerman, J.K.H., Carah, J.K., & Howard, J.K. 2019. Stream flow modeling tools inform environmental water policy in California. California Agriculture 73(1):33-39 [open access].


Grantham, T.E. 2018. North Coast Summary Report. California’s Fourth Climate Change Assessment. Publication number: SUM-CCC4A-2018-001 [pdf].

Mount, J., Hanak, E., Grantham, T.E., et al. 2018. Managing Drought in a Changing Climate. Public Policy Institute of California Water Policy Center Report [pdf].

Grantham, T. E., Carlisle, D. M., McCabe, G. J. & Howard, J. K. 2018. Sensitivity of streamflow to climate change in California. Climatic Change 149:427-441 [doi].

Nardi, F., Morrison, R. R., Annis, A. & Grantham, T. E. 2018. Hydrologic scaling for hydrogeomorphic floodplain mapping: Insights into human‐induced floodplain disconnectivity. River Research and Applications 34:675-685 [doi].

Howard, J. K., Fesenmyer, K. A., Grantham, T. E., Viers, J. H., Ode, P. R., Moyle, P. B., Kupferburg, S. J., Furnish, J. L., Rehn, A., Slusark, J. & Mazor, R. D. 2018. A freshwater conservation blueprint for California: prioritizing watersheds for freshwater biodiversity. Freshwater Science 37:417-431 [open access].

Kendy, E., Aylward, B., Ziemer, L. S., Richter, B. D., Colby, B. G., Grantham, T. E., Sanchez, L., Dicharry, W. B., Powell, E. M., Martin, S. & Culp, P. W. 2018. Water transactions for streamflow restoration, water supply reliability, and rural economic vitality in the western United States. JAWRA Journal of the American Water Resources Association 54: 487-504 [open access].


Zimmerman, J. K., Carlisle, D. M., May, J. T., Klausmeyer, K. R., Grantham, T. E., Brown, L. R., & Howard, J. K. 2017. Patterns and magnitude of flow alteration in California, USA. Freshwater Biology 63:859-873 [open access].

Grantham T., Kearns, F., Kocher, S., Roche, L. & Pathak T. 2017. Building climate change resilience in California through UC Cooperative Extension. California Agriculture 71:197-200 [open access].

Mount, J., Gray, B., Chappelle, C., Grantham, T., Moyle, P., Seavy, N., Szeptycki, L. & Thompson, B. 2017. Managing California’s Freshwater Ecosystems: Lessons from the 2012-16 Drought. Public Policy Institute of California Water Policy Center Report [pdf].

Carlisle, D.M., Grantham, T.E., Eng, K. and Wolock, D.M., 2017. Biological relevance of streamflow metrics: regional and national perspectives. Freshwater Science 36:927-940 [open access].

Eng, K., Grantham, T. E., Carlisle, D. M., & Wolock, D. M. 2017. Predictability and selection of hydrologic metrics in riverine ecohydrology. Freshwater Science 36:915-926 [open access].

Cid, N., Bonada, N., Carlson, S.M., Grantham, T.E., Gasith, A., Resh, V.H. 2017. High Variability Is a Defining Component of Mediterranean-Climate Rivers and Their Biota. Water 9 [open access].


Carlisle, D. M., Wolock, D.M., Howard, J.K., Grantham, T.E., Fesenmyer, K., Wieczorek, M.2016. Estimating natural monthly streamflows in California and the likelihood of anthropogenic modification. US Geological Survey Open File Report 2016–1189 [pdf].

Mount, J., Gray, B., Chappelle, C., Doolan, J., Grantham, T.E., Seavy, N. 2016. Managing Water for the Environment During Drought: Lessons for Victoria, Australia. Public Policy Institute of California Report Water Policy Center [pdf].

Grantham, T.E., Fesenmyer, K., Peek, R., Holmes, E., Viers, J.H., Quiñones, R., Bell, A., Howard, J., Moyle, P.B. 2016. Missing the boat on freshwater ecosystem conservation in California. Conservation Letters 10:77-85 [open access].


Poff, N.L., Brown, C., Grantham, T.E., Matthews, J., Palmer, M. et al. 2015. Sustainable water management under future uncertainty with eco-engineering decision scaling. Nature Climate Change 2765 [open access].

Howard, J.K, Klausmeyer, K.R., Fesenmyer, K.A., Furnish, J., Gardali, T., Grantham, T. et al. 2015. Patterns of freshwater species diversity, endemism, and vulnerability in California. PLoS ONE 10:e0130710 [open access].


Grantham, T.E., Viers, J.H. & Moyle, P.B. 2014. Systematic screening of dams for environmental flow assessment and implementation. BioScience 64:1006-1018 [pdf].

Grantham, T.E. & Viers, J.H. 2014. 100 years of California’s water rights system: patterns, trends and uncertainty. Environmental Research Letters 9:1-10 [open access].

Quiñones, R.M., Grantham, T.E., Harvey, B.N., Kiernan, J.D., Klasson, M., Wintzer, A.P., Moyle, P.B. 2014. Dam removal and anadromous salmonid (Oncorhynchus spp.) conservation in California. Reviews in Fish Biology 1-21 [pdf].

Grantham, T.E., Mezzatesta, M., Newburn, D. & Merenlender, A. 2014. Evaluating tradeoffs between environmental flow protections and agricultural water security. River Research and Applications 30:315-328 [pdf].


Grantham, T.E., de Figueroa, R. & Prat, N. 2013. Water management in mediterranean rivers: a multiregional assessment of physical impacts, ecological responses, and management strategies. Hydrobiologia 719:451-482 [pdf].

Kondolf, G.M., Podolak, K. & Grantham, T.E. 2013. Restoring Mediterranean-climate rivers. Hydrobiologia 719:527-545 [pdf].

Grantham, T.E. 2013. Use of hydraulic modelling to assess passage flow connectivity for salmon in streams. River Research and Applications 29:250-267 [pdf].


Cañedo-Argüelles, Grantham, T.E., Perrée, I., Rieradevall, M., Prat, N., Céspedes-Sánchez, R. & Martín Alonso, J. 2012. El mesocosmos Sostaqua: recreación de un ecosistema fluvial bajo condiciones experimentales controladas. Tecnología del Agua 344-345: 8-54.

Grantham, T.E., Newburn, D.A., McCarthy, M.A. & Merenlender, A.M. 2012. The role of stream flow and land use in limiting over-summer survival of juvenile steelhead trout in California streams. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 141(3):585-598 [pdf].

Cañedo-Argüelles, Grantham, T.E., Perrée, I., Céspedes-Sánchez, R., Rieradevall, M. & Prat, N. 2012. Stream invertebrate community responses to salinization: a mesocosm approach. Environmental Pollution 166:144-151 [pdf].

Grantham, T.E., Perrée, I., Cañedo-Argüelles, M., Rieradevall, M. & Prat, N. 2012. A mesocosm approach for detecting stream invertebrate community responses to treated wastewater effluent. Environmental Pollution 160:95-102 [pdf].


Grantham, T.E., Merenlender, A. M. & Resh, V.H. 2010. Climatic influences and anthropogenic stressors: an integrated framework for stream-flow management in mediterranean-climate California, USA. Freshwater Biology 55(S1):184-200 [pdf].