Claire Kremen, a conservation biologist at the University of California, Berkeley, whose applied research advances the fields of ecology, biodiversity and agriculture, has been named a MacArthur Fellow, one of 24 nationwide "genius" award recipients announced Tuesday (Sept. 25) by the John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation.
Kremen, an assistant professor of environmental science, policy and management at UC Berkeley's College of Natural Resources, will receive an unrestricted $500,000 award for the next five years.
This year's award makes Kremen, 46, the 41st UC Berkeley MacArthur Fellowship recipient since the awards first were given out in 1981. This year's awardees also include three UC Berkeley alumni.
The foundation recognized Kremen's pioneering conservation planning initiative in Masoala National Park, Madagascar's largest nature reserve. Her ability to move scientific theory to practical applications helped establish the protected region on sound conservation principles that also took the needs of the local population into account.
"We've learned in conservation management that it is so important to get buy-in from the locals, who are most likely to take immediate action to support the park or not," said Kremen. "That's why we included a sustainable forestry plan to provide local people with a source of income while saving enough of the forest to ensure the survival of protected species."
Kremen continues her work in Madagascar by studying the impacts of deforestation on species distributions and the creation of a Web-based biodiversity database. The Web portal promises to provide researchers with tools needed for conservation planning and monitoring.
The foundation also highlighted Kremen's recent studies of the behavior of bees and other natural pollinators, and their critical role in the global human food supply. The studies showed that the ability of native bees to pollinate farm crops adequately is dependent on their access to natural habitats, underscoring the importance of restoring and protecting natural environments on farms. Her studies have also found that one-third of the world's crop production relies upon pollinators.
Among this year's 24 MacArthur Fellowship recipients are a biomedical scientist, a blues musician, a forensic anthropologist and a spider silk biologist, all of whom learned of the award this past week through a surprise phone call from the foundation.
MacArthur Fellowships offer "no strings attached" funds that allow awardees to accelerate their current activities or take their work in new directions.
"I'm both honored and humbled to have gotten this award," said Kremen. "Winning the award is like having a gauntlet thrown down before you, saying that you did well, but now what are you going to do next? It's really exciting, and it's a challenge to figure out how to best use this opportunity."
The three UC Berkeley alumni honored this year are Jay Rubenstein, an associate professor of history at the University of Tennessee; Yoky Matsuoka, an associate professor of computer science and engineering at the University of Washington; and Michael Elowitz, an assistant professor of biology and applied physics at the California Institute of Technology.
Rubenstein, who received his Ph.D. in 1997 in history at UC Berkeley, is an expert on medieval history and is being honored for his analysis of the First Crusade and its impact on the future of Europe.
Matsuoka is being recognized for her research on the central nervous system and its application to robotic technology in the emerging field of neurorobotics. She earned her bachelor's degree in 1993 in electrical engineering and computer sciences at UC Berkeley.
Elowitz is being honored for his research on genetic interactions by using computational modeling to design and test artificial genetic circuits. Elowitz received his UC Berkeley bachelor's degree in physics in 1992.
"These new MacArthur Fellows, extraordinary men and women of all ages and in many fields, honor and inspire us with their talent, their courage, and their deep commitment," said MacArthur President Jonathan Fanton in a foundation news release. "With the gift of time and unfettered opportunity to create and explore, we are confident that the Fellows will follow their hearts and their minds wherever they lead, making new discoveries and making a difference in the world."
-By Sarah Yang, UCB Media Relations